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危险性描述

危险性描述(Risk Codes)

Risk Phrases 英文解释 中文解释
R1 Explosive when dry. 干燥时有爆炸性;
R2 Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition. 受冲击、摩擦、着火或其他引燃源有爆炸危险;
R3 Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition. 受冲击、摩擦、着火或其他引燃源有极高爆炸危险;
R4 Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds. 生成极敏感的爆炸性金属化合物;
R5 Heating may cause an explosion. 受热可能引起爆炸;
R6 Explosive with or without contact with air. 与空气或未与空气接触发生爆炸;
R7 May cause fire. 可能引起火灾;
R8 Contact with combustible material may cause fire. 与可燃物料接触可能引起火灾;
R9 Explosive when mixed with combustible material. 与可燃物料混合时发生爆炸;
R10 Flammable. 易燃的;
R11 Highly flammable. 高度易燃的;
R12 Extremely flammable. 极易燃的;
R14 Reacts violently with water. 与水猛烈反应;
R14/15 Reacts violently with water, liberating highly flammable gases. 与水猛烈反应,释放出极易燃气体;
R15 Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases. 与水接触释放出极易燃气体;
R15/29 Contact with water liberates toxic, highly flammable gas. 与水接触释放出有毒的,极易燃气体;
R16 Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances. 与氧化性物质混合时发生爆炸;
R17 Spontaneously flammable in air. 在空气中易自燃;
R18 In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture. 使用中可能形成易燃/爆炸性蒸气空气混合物;
R19 May form explosive peroxides. 可能生成爆炸性过氧化物;
R20 Harmful by inhalation. 吸入有害;
R20/21 Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin. 吸入和与皮肤接触是有害的;
R20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食是有害的;
R20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed. 吸入和吞食是有害的;
R21 Harmful in contact with skin. 与皮肤接触是有害的;
R21/22 Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed. 与皮肤接触和吞食是有毒的;
R22 Harmful if swallowed. 吞食是有害的;
R23 Toxic by inhalation. 吸入有害;
R23/24 Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin. 吸入和与皮肤接触是有毒的;
R23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食是有毒的;
R23/25 Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed. 吸入和吞食是有毒的;
R24 Toxic in contact with skin. 与皮肤接触有毒;
R24/25 Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed. 与皮肤接触和吞食是有毒的;
R25 Toxic if swallowed. 吞食有毒;
R26 Very toxic by inhalation. 吸入有极高毒性;
R26/27 Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin. 吸入和与皮肤接触有极高毒性;
R26/27/28 Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食有极高毒性;
R26/28 Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed. 吸入和吞食有极高毒性;
R27 Very toxic in contact with skin. 与皮肤接触有极高毒性;
R27/28 Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed. 与皮肤接触和吞食有极高毒性;
R28 Very toxic if swallowed. 吞食有极高毒性;
R29 Contact with water liberates toxic gas. 与水接触释放出有毒气体;
R30 Can become highly flammable in use. 使用会变为高度易燃的;
R31 Contact with acids liberates toxic gas. 与酸接触释放出有毒气体;
R32 Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas. 与酸接触释放出极高毒性气体;
R33 Danger of cumulative effects. 有累积作用危险;
R34 Causes burns. 引起灼伤;
R35 Causes severe burns. 引起严重灼伤;
R36 Irritating to eyes. 刺激眼睛;
R36/37 Irritating to eyes and respiratory system. 刺激眼睛和呼吸系统;
R36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin. 刺激眼睛、呼吸系统和皮肤;
R36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin. 刺激眼睛和皮肤;
R37 Irritating to respiratory system. 刺激呼吸系统;
R37/38 Irritating to respiratory system and skin. 刺激呼吸系统和皮肤;
R38 Irritating to skin. 刺激皮肤;
R39 Danger of very serious irreversible effects. 有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/23 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation. 有毒的:经吸入有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/23/24 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin. 有毒的:经吸入和与皮肤接触有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/23/24/25 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有毒的:经吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/23/25 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed. 有毒的:经吸入和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/24 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin. 有毒的:与皮肤接触有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/24/25 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有毒的:与皮肤接触和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/25 Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed. 有毒的:吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/26 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation. 极高毒性:经吸入有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/26/27 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin. 极高毒性:经吸入和与皮肤接触有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/26/27/28 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 极高毒性:经吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/26/28 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed. 极高毒性:经吸入和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/27 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin. 极高毒性:与皮肤接触有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/27/28 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed. 极高毒性:与皮肤接触和吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R39/28 Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed. 极高毒性:吞食有极严重不可逆作用危险;
R40 Possible risks of irreversible effects. 可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/20 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation. 有害的:经吸入可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/20/21 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin. 有害的:经吸入和与皮肤接触可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/20/21/22 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有害的:经吸入、与皮肤接触和吞食可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/20/22 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed. 有害的:经吸入和吞食可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/21 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin. 有害的:与皮肤接触可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/21/22 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有害的:与皮肤接触和吞食可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R40/22 Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed 有害的:吞食可能有不可逆作用的风险;
R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes. 对眼睛有严重损害的风险;
R42 May cause sensitization by inhalation. 吸入可能引起过敏;
R42/43 May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact. 吸入和皮肤接触可能引起过敏;
R43 May cause sensitization by skin contact. 皮肤接触可能引起过敏;
R44 Risk of explosion if heated under confinement. 在封闭情况下加热有爆炸危险;
R45 May cause cancer. 可能致癌;
R46 May cause heritable genetic damage. 可能造成不可逆的遗传损害
R47 May cause birth defects. 可能引起出生缺陷;
R48 Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure. 长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/20 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. 有害的:经吸入长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/20/21 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin. 有害的:经吸入和与皮肤长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/20/21/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inh.,in contact with skin and if swallowed 有害的:经吸入、皮肤和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/20/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed. 有害的:经吸入和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/21 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin. 有害的:经皮肤长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/21/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有害的:经皮肤和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/22 Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed. 有害的:吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/23 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. 有毒的:经吸入长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/23/24 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin. 有毒的:经吸入和与皮肤长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/23/24/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inh.,in contact with skin and if swallowed 有毒的:经吸入、皮肤和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/23/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed. 有毒的:经吸入和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/24 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin. 有毒的:经皮肤长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/24/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed. 有毒的:经皮肤和吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R48/25 Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed. 有毒的:吞食长期接触有严重损害健康的危险;
R49 May cause cancer by inhalation. 吸入可能致癌;
R50 Very toxic to aquatic organisms. 对水生生物有极高毒性;
R50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. 对水生生物有极高毒性,可能在水生环境中造成长期不利影响;
R51 Toxic to aquatic organisms. 对水生生物是有毒的;
R51/53 Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. 对水生生物有毒,可能在水生环境中造成长期不利影响;
R52 Harmful to aquatic organisms. 对水生生物是有害的;
R52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. 对水生生物有害,可能在水生环境中造成长期不利影响;
R53 May cause long-term adverse effects in aquatic environment. 可能在水生环境中造成长期不利影响;
R54 Toxic to flora. 对植物群有毒;
R55 Toxic to fauna. 对动物群有毒;
R56 Toxic to soil organisms. 对土壤中生物有毒;
R57 Toxic to bees. 对蜜蜂有毒;
R58 May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment. 可能在环境中造成长期不利影响;
R59 Dangerous for the ozon layer. 对臭氧层有危害;
R60 May impair fertility. 可能损伤生育力;
R61 May cause harm to the unborn child. 可能对未出生婴儿造成危害;
R62 Possible risk of impaired fertility. 可能有损伤生育力的危险;
R63 Possible risk of harm to the unborn child. 可能有损害未出生婴儿的危险;
R64 May cause harm to breastfed babies. 可能对哺乳婴儿造成危害;
R65 Harmfull may cause lung damage if swallowed 有害的:吞食可能造成肺部损害;

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